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ACTUALITÉS - CLIMAT DES INVESTISSEMENTS EN MÉDITERRANNÉE
Actualités
Record battu pour l'investissement étranger en 2007, mais consolidation sur MEDA - 10 Janvier 2008
10-01-2008 - EUROMED
Source : CNUCED
Pays de destination(s) : Euromed
Secteur(s) concerné(s) : Autre ou non spécifié

La CNUCED (Conférence des Nations unies pour le commerce et le développement) a dévoilé ses premières estimations sur les investissements dans le monde en 2007.

Les investissements mondiaux ont atteint en 2007 le niveau record de 1 538 milliards de dollars, selon les premières estimations, au-dessus du précédent record de 1 400 milliards (année 2000). L'Afrique a attiré beaucoup d'IDE (en particulier Egypte et Maroc), mais le Proche-Orient a plafonné (sauf la Turquie).

L'investissement a profité de la hausse des bénéfices des entreprises multinationales, qui ont procédé à un grand nombre de fusions et acquisitions. Les principales destinations ont concerné :
  • les Etats-Unis, avec 193 milliards de dollars, mais progression de 10 % seulement,
  • le Royaume-Uni, avec 171 milliards (+ 22 %),
  • la France, avec 123 milliards (+52 %).
Globalement, les pays développés ont continué à se tailler la part du lion des investissements transfrontaliers, avec les deux tiers du total, soit environ 1 trillion d'US$, contre 500 milliards d'US$ pour les pays en développement.

Voici un extrait en anglais du communiqué de la CNUCED pour les pays qui intéressent ANIMA :
  • The financial and credit crisis that began in the latter half of 2007 has not affected the overall volume of FDI inflows, UNCTAD economists said. Even with a slowdown of the United States economy, the depreciation of the US dollar may have helped to maintain high levels of FDI flows into the country, in particular from countries with appreciating currencies, such as Europe and developing Asia. While sub-prime loan problems have impinged on the lending capabilities of banks, new capital injections from various funds, including sovereign wealth funds, have helped alleviate some of the problems.
  • FDI inflows to developing countries and economies in transition (the latter comprising South-East Europe and CIS) rose by 16% and 41% (table), respectively, and reached new record levels, UNCTAD economists said.
  • In Africa, FDI inflows in 2007 remained relatively strong. The unprecedented level of inflows (US$36 billion) was supported by a continuing boom in global commodity markets. Cross-border M&As in the extraction and related service industries of Africa remained a significant source of FDI, but new inbound M&A deals also took place in the banking industry. Egypt, Morocco, and South Africa were the main beneficiaries of FDI inflows.
  • In West Asia, overall FDI inflows declined by 12%. Turkey and oil-rich Gulf States continued to attract the most, but geopolitical uncertainty in parts of the region affected FDI overall.
  • Despite some unfavourable economic projections for 2008 and potential tightening of rules for foreign investment in natural resources and related industries, high demand for natural resources around the world -- and, as a result, the opening up of new potentially profitable opportunities in the primary sector -- are likely to boost FDI in the extractive industries.
  • At the same time, continuing global external imbalances, sharp exchange-rate fluctuations, rising interest rates, and increasing inflationary pressures, as well as high and volatile commodity prices, pose risks that may have a chilling effect on global FDI flows, UNCTAD economists said.

ANNEX

Tables and figures

Table. FDI Inflows, by host region and major host economy, 2006-2007 (Billions of dollars)


Source: UNCTAD

Note: a - Preliminary estimates


World FDI inflows are projected on the basis of 105 economies for which date are available for part of 2007, as of 19 December 2007. Data are estimated by annualizing their available data, in most cases the first three quarters of 2007. The proportion of inflows to these economies in total inflows to their respective region or subregion in 2006 is used to extrapolate the 2007 data

For more information, please contact:
UNCTAD Press Office
T: +41 22 917 5828
E:
unctadpress@unctad.org
Web:
www.unctad.org/press

 
 
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